Source of funding
Name of client/donor
Ministry of Environment of the Netherlands
Overall project value
February 2009 – December 2009
Number of staff
In October 2005, the Government of Montenegro passed three new tools for effective environmental management, which were ratified by the National Assembly in December 2005: the Laws on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC). The three new mechanisms were aimed at strengthening the enforcement of good practice principles by taking into consideration environmental issues at an early stage in the development of plans and programmes, as well as prior to the granting of consent for certain activities that could cause substantial damage to the environment.
In addition, the Government of Montenegro recognised a lack of capacities at both national and local level for the effective and successful implementation and enforcement of these tools, and agreed to postpone the implementation of the three laws until January 1, 2008. Two years after the laws were passed, there was still no integrated and coordinated approach or capacity-building programme for implementation. At national level, capacities remained limited and scattered (among a few individuals in the Ministry of Tourism and Environment); while at local level there were no capacities for the successful implementation of the three laws.
The SEA Capacity Development Strategy for Montenegro, drafted by the Government of the Netherlands, was used as the basis for planning activitities for the SEA capacity-building component of the present project.
The overall objective of the project was to support the strengthening of Montenegro’s capacities in the EU accession process and in the transposition of EU leglisation into practice at national and local level.
Specific objectives were to:
- deepen cooperation between the national and local levels in terms of planning and developing strategies and measures aimed at sustainable development and the effective management of natural resources;
- establish an effective institutional structure for SEA;
- prepare practical, country-specific SEA guidelines;
- increase capacities for the implementation of the Law on SEA and its principles in four ministries responsible for activities that have an environmental impact — the Ministries of Tourism and Environment; Economic Development; Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management; and Transport;
- establish an effective institutional structure for EIA at local level (a network of local government officials engaged in the EIA process);
- prepare practical, country-specific EIA guidelines/manual/brochure;
- build capacities for the implementation of the Law on EIA and its principles in all 21 municipalities in Montenegro, thus enabling the effective decentralisation of responsibilities in law implementation with the aim of promoting effective decision making on the sustainable use of natural resources;
- establish an effective institutional structure for IPPC;
- prepare practical, country-specific IPPC guidelines/manual/brochure;
- build capacities for the implementation of the Law on IPPC within governmental institutions and businesses, enabling compliance with legal standards; and
- improve knowledge and awareness on the principles of SEA, EIA and IPPC by developing guidelines/brochures on SEA, EIA and IPPC implementation at national and local level.
Through practical manuals and guidelines, together with training, the project built capacities for the implementation of the three new laws on SEA, EIA and IPPC at national and local level, ensuring the creation of a “critical mass” of local expertise in the respective areas and the sustainability of project results. The manuals and guidelines were also used as information dissemination and awareness-raising tools, giving greater transparency to the process and ensuring its compliance with EU standards on the right to environmental information and public participation in decision making.
- Establishing a network of government officials responsible for the execution of SEA, EIA and IPPC principles by appointing SEA/EIA and IPPC focal points at national level.
- Developing country-specific manuals on SEA, EIA and IPPC procedures and methodologies (in Montenegrin).
- Training government officials/ministerial SEA, EIA and IPPC focal points about SEA, EIA and IPPC principles and standards and the effective implementation of the relevant Montenegrin laws.
- Giving practical training (via case studies) to local self-government officials on the principles of EIA and the effective implementation of the Montenegrin Law on EIA, and transferring know-how from more experienced countries.
- Offering training to representatives of the business community on the principles, obligations and requirements of IPPC, along with the effective implementation of the Montenegrin Law on IPPC, and transferring know-how from more experienced countries.
- Policy and legislation analyses
- Development of country-specific manuals
- Support to policy making
- Conducting trainings
- Dissemination of information